Governing National Development: Shaping Social and Economic Capital
The Natural Capital of a country is a given. Everything else – the society, the economy - is shaped by the legal, regulatory and physical (human built) framework. This framework – the environment in which society exists and businesses operate - is developed, maintained and updated by authorities and institutions, most often government bodies. The Governance Sub-Index therefor encompasses all aspects that shape the framework of society (the Social Capital), and in which the economy (Intellectual Capital, Resource Management) operates.
The Governance World Map
The Governance Sub-Index of the Sustainable Competitiveness Index is based on quantitative data series – i.e. not qualitative evaluation of government systems. In addition, some aspects of government direction implications (such as human rights, freedom of press, etc.) are assigned to the Social Capital Index. The Governance Sub-Index aims at evaluating the suitability of a country’s regulatory framework and infrastructure environment to facilitate sustainable competitiveness. The regulatory and infrastructure framework should enable a framework in which the country’s natural, social and intellectual capital can flourish to generate new and sustain existing wealth.
Global Governance Capital Ranking
Observations on the Governance rankings:
- The Governance Ranking is topped by Ireland, followed by the Czech Republic.
- The ranking is dominated by Central and Eastern European nations
- Germany is ranked 4, Japan 20, the UK 44 and the US at 50.
- Of the BRICs, China is ranked 11, India 55, Russia 59, and Brazil 133
- The map shows a clear north-South gap: all African countries score low