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Global Sustainability Competitiveness Index

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The Global Sustainable Competitiveness Index

Measuring Competitiveness beyond GDP

Published since 2012, the Global Sustainable Competitiveness Index (GSCI) is the most comprehensive ranking of countries currently available. The GSCI measures competitiveness of countries based on 131 measurable, quantitative indicators derived from reliable sources, such as the World Bank, the IMF, and various UN agencies. The 131 indicators are grouped into 5 sub-indexes: Natural Capital, Resource Efficiency & Intensity, Intellectual Capital, Governance Efficiency, and Social Cohesion. More details on the methodology are available here.

Sustainable_Competitiveness_Model
  • Natural Capital: the given natural environment, including the availability of resources, and the level of the depletion of those resources.
  • Social Capital: health, security, freedom, equality and life satisfaction within a country.
  • Resource Efficiency & Intensity: the efficiency of using available resources as a measurement of operational competitiveness in a resource-constraint World.
  • Intellectual Capital & Inovation: the capability to generate wealth and jobs through innovation and value-added industries in the globalised markets
  • Governance Efficiency: Results of core state areas and investments – infrastructure, market and employment structure, the provision of a framework for sustained and sustainable wealth generation

Taken togehter, these five pillars reflect the sustainable competitiveness of a country and form the Global Sustainable Competitiveness Index.

The Sustainable Competitiveness Index 2021 State of The World 2021:

The average sustainable competitiveness score is 45.3,  less than 50% of the possible best score. The higest score is 61.8

Even the leading nations are far from being truly sustainable & competitive.

Global Average
Global Best
Ideal World
Improving Development
Deteriorating Development

Globally, 36% of all indicators are deteriorating.

53% of all indicators show positive developments.

Highlights and key take-aways from the GSCI 2021

  • Scandinavia continues to top the ranking: Sweden is leading the Sustainable Competitiveness Index, followed by all other Scandinavian nations. Only Switzerland on 3rd is breaking in.
  • Only two countries in the Top 20 are not European: – Japan on 13, and New Zealand (14). South Korea follows on 21.
  • China is ranked 32 – very strong in Intellectual Capital, but low on Natural Capital
  • The USA is ranked 30, ranking particularly low in resource efficiency and social capital – potentially further undermining the global status of the US in the future
  • Germany ranks 8, the UK 17. Brazil is 49, Russia 51, and India 130.
  • Some of the least developed nations have a considerable higher GSCI ranking than their GDP would suggest (e.g. Nepal, Guyana, Laos, Belize, …)
  • Asian nations (South Korea, Japan, Singapore, and China) lead the Intellectual Capital Index – the basis of innovation. However, achieving sustained prosperity is potentially compromised by Natural Capital constraints and increasing resource consumption.
  • The Social Capital Index ranking is headed by Northern European (Scandinavian) countries, the result of economic growth combined with a widely accepted social consensus.

Download the The Global Sustainable Competitiveness Index 2021 (PDF, 72 pages)

2021 Global Sustainability Rankings

RankCountryScore
1Sweden61.2
2Finland60.7
3Switzerland60.4
4Denmark60.2
5Norway59.8
6Iceland59.8
7Ireland57.6
8France56.8
9Austria56.6
10Germany56.6
11Estonia56.1
12Liechtenstein56.0
13Japan55.3
14Croatia55.1
15New Zealand54.9
16Portugal54.8
17United Kingdom54.6
18Slovenia54.3
19Luxembourg53.9
20Netherlands53.9
21South Korea53.9
22Latvia53.5
23Slovakia53.1
24Belgium53.0
25Lithuania53.0
26Czech Republic52.9
27Spain52.7
28Costa Rica52.4
29Romania52.3
30USA52.0
31Malta51.7
32Italy51.7
33China51.4
34Uruguay51.3
35Poland51.2
36Hungary50.8
37Canada50.6
38Chile50.4
39Peru50.3
40Albania49.9
41Serbia49.7
42Greece49.6
43Mauritius49.6
44Bulgaria49.6
45Paraguay49.5
46Bhutan49.4
47Australia49.3
48Singapore49.3
49Bolivia49.3
50Russia49.2
51Ecuador49.1
52Brazil48.8
53Panama48.7
54Colombia48.7
55Argentina48.6
56Georgia48.5
57Belarus48.5
58Israel48.2
59Sri Lanka48.1
60Belize47.6
RankCountryScore
61Venezuela47.6
62Cyprus47.5
63Armenia47.4
64Solomon Islands47.4
65North Macedonia47.3
66Ukraine47.3
67Malaysia47.3
68Bosnia and Herzegovina47.0
69Timor-Leste47.0
70Fiji46.9
71Ghana46.9
72Montenegro46.8
73Samoa46.7
74Brunei46.7
75Indonesia46.5
76Kyrgistan46.4
77Moldova46.0
78Tonga45.9
79Turkey45.8
80Kazakhstan45.8
81Nepal45.5
82Suriname45.3
83Cote d'Ivoire45.2
84Uzbekistan45.2
85Dominica45.2
86Maldives45.1
87El Salvador45.1
88Thailand45.0
89Mexico44.9
90Cameroon44.9
91Guyana44.9
92Kenya44.8
93Burma44.6
94Kiribati44.3
95Dominican Republic44.0
96United Arab Emirates43.9
97Sierra Leone43.6
98Ethiopia43.4
99Laos43.4
100Cuba43.4
101Vanuatu43.2
102Namibia43.1
103Morocco43.1
104Tajikistan43.1
105Cambodia43.0
106Botswana42.9
107Gabon42.9
108Nicaragua42.8
109Senegal42.7
110Grenada42.6
111Iran42.5
112Sao Tome and Principe42.4
113Bangladesh42.3
114Saudi Arabia42.3
115Vietnam42.2
116Micronesia42.1
117Oman42.1
118Philippines42.0
119Democratic Republic of Congo41.8
120Tanzania41.7
RankCountryScore
121Seychelles41.7
122Guinea41.6
123Mongolia41.6
124Eswatini41.5
125Burkina Faso41.5
126Jamaica41.5
127Equatorial Guinea41.4
128Tunisia41.4
129Papua New Guinea41.2
130St. Kitts and Nevis41.1
131Egypt41.0
132Jordan41.0
133Malawi40.9
134Angola40.9
135India40.9
136Azerbaijan40.7
137Niger40.6
138Rwanda40.3
139Kuwait40.2
140Honduras40.0
141Togo40.0
142Republic of Congo40.0
143Turkmenistan39.7
144Algeria39.6
145Nigeria39.6
146Qatar39.3
147South Africa39.3
148Afghanistan39.3
149Lesotho39.2
150Benin39.2
151Guatemala39.1
152Mali39.0
153Guinea-Bissau38.9
154Madagascar38.8
155Zambia38.7
156Zimbabwe38.6
157Trinidad and Tobago38.6
158Gambia38.1
159Comoros38.1
160Mauritania37.8
161Bahamas37.7
162Uganda37.6
163West Bank and Gaza37.6
164Djibouti37.6
165Central African Republic37.5
166Bahrain37.2
167Liberia37.1
168Mozambique36.8
169Haiti36.7
170Pakistan36.7
171Chad36.6
172Sudan36.3
173Yemen36.2
174Burundi36.0
175Lebanon35.7
176Syria35.4
177Libya35.4
178South Sudan35.0
179Eritrea34.5
180Somalia32.7

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